Hills and mountains of Britain

As you travel through different parts of Britain you will notice that some areas form high mountains, other areas are hilly while yet other places are low-lying or flat vales.

The highest mountains are in the north and west of Britain: Scotland, northern and western England, and Wales. Examples of high mountains include Ben Nevis in the Highlands of Scotland and Snowdon in North Wales. Another mountainous area is the English Lake District. Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England, although it is quite small compared to some of the mountains in Scotland.

In southern England, there are no mountains and even the higher hills are quite small. Dartmoor in the south-west of England is the highest at 621 m (Exmoor and Bodmin Moor being slightly lower, 520 m and 419 m, respectively) and Walbury Hill (297 m) and Leith Hill (294 m) are the highest hills in the south-east of England.

You may have noticed that none of these high, mountainous areas are made of limestone. In the following pages — upland areas of England and lowland areas of England — we will see that some of the lower hills in England are made of limestone.


Examples of hills and mountains

Rollover the map to find highlighted clickable areas of the map for more information.

Hills and mountains of Britain North West Highlands Ben Nevis Grampians Mountains Southern Uplands Cross Fell Scafell Pike Snowdon Cambrian Mountains Exmoor Walbury Hill Leith Hill Dartmoor Bodmin Moor